Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are a very common medical problem experienced by many men and women. Hemorrhoids occur when veins in the anal area swell. When the swelling is inside the rectum they are internal hemorrhoids. Outside the rectum, the swollen veins are known as external hemorrhoids. Some of the usual causes of the swelling veins are bowel irregularity and also straining throughout bowel movements, pregnancy and anything else that contributes to pressure on the blood vessels in the anal area.
Symptoms of External Hemorrhoids are Usually Itching or Pain in the Anal Area
Straining to have a bowel movement can cause the hemorrhoids to bleed. Internal hemorrhoids rarely cause pain or irritation but they could hemorrhage. Rectal bleeding is often a symptom of something much more serious so will not assume that hemorrhoids are the cause.
Some Individuals Choose to Discuss the Issue With Their Family Physician First
Others prefer to go directly to a proctologist. A proctologist is a physician who specializes in treating disorders of the anus, rectum and colon. There are many online directories and resources for tracking down a proctologist in your area or you may wish to start with your family doctor and find out if he or she would recommend a visit to a proctologist.
Your family doctor or proctologist can diagnose hemorrhoids with a test that may involve inserting his or her gloved finger into the patient's rectum or using a lighted scope to get a view of the area. Once the diagnosis of hemorrhoids is made, a number of care is available.
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Non-surgical procedures to treat hemorrhoids include shrinking the hemorrhoid by putting a small rubber band about it or injecting it along with a solution. Other methods cut off the blood supply to the hemorrhoid with infrared light or a laser. These methods are intended to shrink the hemorrhoid. If none of these methods work, surgery may be necessary to remove the hemorrhoids.
One of the more recent non-surgical procedures uses a very low direct current that is gently put on the hemorrhoid, targeting the blood vessel leading to the particular hemorrhoid. When blood flow to the hemorrhoid is cut off, the hemorrhoid starts to shrink. It will continue to shrink for 7-10 days after treatment. The procedure only takes about 10 mins to perform and calls for no anesthesia or special preparations. Patients are able to come back to their normal activities right after treatment.
Ethan Smith lives in North Carolina and creates articles on many health topics. If you are considering a visit to a proctologist or would like to learn more about hemorrhoid treatment, visit http://hdtreatmentcenter.com.